Pre-ovulatory relatively infertile phase
Following the menstrual period there may be several dry days.
These days may be absent in short cycles and numerous in long cycles.
A feeling of dryness or a positive sensation of nothingness at the vulva will be experienced. There will be no visible mucus.The fertile phase
As the oestrogen levels rise, cervical mucus will be felt at the vulva.
At first it will give a sensation of moistness or stickiness and will appear in scant amounts - white or creamy-coloured.
On finger testing the mucus will hold its shape and break easily.
* The mucus goes through a transitional phase where increasing amounts of cloudy mucus secretion may be observed.
It may be slightly stretchy on finger testing producing a wetter sensation at the vulva.
* As the oestrogen levels continue to rise with approaching ovulation, the mucus will become more profuse, and there may be up to a tenfold increase in volume.
It will give a sensation of lubrication or slipperiness at the vulva.
The appearance will be similar to that of raw egg white, thin, watery and transparent.
On finger-testing this highly fertile mucus may stretch for several inches before it breaks.
* Fertile mucus maintains the life of sperm, nourishes it and allows it to pass freely through the cervix.
In fertile mucus, sperm may live for up to three days, in rare circumstances for five days or even longer.Peak day
Peak day denotes the LAST day on which this highly fertile-type slippery, transparent, stretchy mucus is either seen or felt.Post-ovulatory completely infertile phase
During the post-ovulatory phase, following peak day the slippery sensation is lost and there will be a relatively abrupt return to stickiness or dryness again.
This subjective symptom reflects the presence of progesterone, which thickens the mucus again forming a plug at the cervix acting as an impenetrable barrier to sperm.
* The amount and quality of mucus will vary from woman to woman and also from one cycle to the next.
* A woman should be alert to any changes in sensation and to even relatively small amounts of mucus.
* If a woman is finding difficulty detecting mucus externally, it is often recognised more easily after exercise or a bowel movement.
* It may also help to use the Kegel exercise or a slight bearing down action to expel any mucus.
in Fertility UK